Over the weekend I started writing about King David. King David was an interesting person. I believe one of my commenters said it best: “David lived a fearless life even in the face of challenges.” Anyway, ‘nuff said.
After the death of Saul, David inquired of the Lord and the Lord told him to go to the cities of Hebron. So, David went with his two wives, his men and their families with them and they all lived in the cities of Hebron. At this time the men of Judah came and anointed David king over Judah. They told David that the men of Jabesh-Gilead had buried Saul. So, David sent a messenger to the men of Jabesh-Gilead to thank them for burying the king.
But Ish-bosheth had been made king of Israel by Abner, the commander of Saul’s Army. However, Judah followed David.
The house of Saul and the house of David were at war. David’s house grew stronger, while Saul’s grew weaker. Ish-bosheth said something to Abner to make him very angry. So, Abner swore that he would restore the kingdom to David. I believe Abner had too much power. Abner sent messengers to David, saying that if David made a covenant with him, he would make sure David got the kingdom of Israel. David response was to tell Abner that he would do it on one condition: that Michal, Saul’s daughter who had been David’s wife until Saul took her away and gave her to someone else, would be returned to him. David sent messengers to Ish-bosheth saying to send Michal back to him. So it seems like Abner was running the country, not Ish-bosheth.
So, Abner came to the house of David with Michal and had a covenant made, while Joab was not there. When Joab found out about Abner’s visit he was very angry. He sent messengers for Abner and when he came back, Joab killed him because his brother Asahel had been killed by Abner. So, the people knew that it was not David’s will to put Abner to death.
Ish-bosheth had two commanders named Baanah and Rechab. They were brothers. They came to Ish-bosheth’s house in the heat of the day when he took his midday rest. They struck and killed Ish-bosheth and cut off his head. Then they took his head to David as an offering of peace.
David told them that he was not going to accept their peace offering because He had killed the messenger who told him that Saul was dead. So now that they had attacked Ish-bosheth, who had never caused David any harm or concern, he would have them killed as well.
So, David became king of all Israel, and reigned over Judah seven years and six months and in Jerusalem. He reigned thirty-three years over Judah and Israel. David took more wives and concubines from Jerusalem and had more sons and daughters.
Now, the Philistines came to David and spread themselves out in the valley of Rephaim. David inquired of the Lord whether he should attack the Philistines or not. The Lord said he should and he defeated the Philistines at Baal-perazim. The Philistines did the same thing again and this time the Lord said to circle around and come at them from behind. David did so and routed the Philistines from Geba to Gezer.
David gathered the chosen men of Israel to bring up the ark of the covenant from Baale-judah. They placed the ark of God on a new cart. Uzzah and Ahio were leading the new cart. When they came to the threshing floor of Nacon, Uzzah reached out to keep the ark from falling because the oxen nearly upset it. God struck Uzzah down because he was irreverent and he died there by the ark of the covenant. David became angry but he dared not do anything. He was afraid of the Lord so he took the ark to the house of Obed-edom the Gittite, where it remained for three months, and the Lord blessed Obed-edom and his household.
When David was told of the blessings the Lord had placed upon Oded-edom, then he went and brought up the ark to Jerusalem. He sacrificed an ox and a fatling and danced before theLord with all his might. As the ark entered the city, Michal, David’s wife who was the daughter of Saul, saw David dancing and despised him. So after David set the ark in it’s place, and David finished offering the burnt offering and peace offering, Michal came out and fussed at David.
David’s response was,
“It was before the Lord, who chose me above your father and above all his house, to appoint me ruler over the people of the Lord, over Israel; therefore I will celebrate before the Lord. I will be more lightly esteemed than this and will be humble in my own eyes, but with the maids of whom you have spoken, with them I will be distinguished.” (2 Samuel 6: 21-22)
and Michal had no children before she died.
David saw that the Lord’s ark was in a tent and he lived in a house made of cedar, so he wished to build a house for the Lord. Nathan the prophet said the Lord was with him so why shouldn’t he build the Lord a house? But that night, the word of the Lord came to Nathan saying,
“Go and say to My servant David, ‘Thus says the Lord, “Are you the one who should build Me a house to dwell in? For I have not dwelt in a house since the day I brought up the sons of Israel from Egypt, even to this day; but I have been moving about in a tent, even in a tabernacle. Wherever I have gone with all the sons of Israel, did I speak a word with one of the tribes of Israel, which I commanded to shepherd My people Israel, saying, ‘Why have you not built Me a house of cedar?’”’ (2 Samuel 7: 5-7)
God’s Covenant with David
God also made a covenant with David. He promised to make Davids’s family great and never would there not be a descendant of David’s on the throne of Israel. He would keep the people in the place they were and they would never be disturbed again. They were exiled for a time but they always came back to the same place.
So, David prayed before the Lord and accepted that he was not the one to build a house for the Lord.
David inquired of his men, “Is there yet anyone left of the house of Saul, that I may show him kindness for Jonathan’s sake?” (2 Samuel 9:1) He was told that there was a son of Jonathan named Mephibosheth who was crippled in both feet and where he was. When called before the king, Mephibosheth was skeptical and said, “What is your servant, that you should regard a dead dog like me?” (2 Samuel 9: 8) After David sent for his servant Ziba and gave him instructions, Mephibosheth was fine and ate at the kings table regularly. Ziba and All of Ziba’s family were Mephibosheth’s servants.
The king of the Ammonites died and Hanun became king. David said that he would show kindness to Hanun as he had been shown kindness by his (Hunan’s) father. So, he sent servants to console him concerning the loss of his father. But the princes of the Ammonites didn’t believe David was showing kindness. Rather, that he was sending spies so he could overthrow the land. So, Hanun shaved half of the beards of the men of David and cut off their garments at their hips. When David was told of this he said, “Stay at Jericho until your beards grow, and then return.” (2 Samuel 10:5)
When the Ammonites realized that they had become a nuisance to the king, they hired a bunch of men to protect them. When David heard about this he sent Joab and all his army. The men fled before Joab, which caused the Ammonites to flee as well. The others fled at Helam as well and feared to help the Ammonites anymore.
David and Bathsheba
When David’s men were at battle with the Ammonites he stayed in Jerusalem. He was walking in the darkness one night and he saw a woman bathing. The woman was very beautiful and David sent to inquire about the woman. He was told her name was Bathsheba and she was the wife of Uriah the Hittite. He sent for her and took her, and he lay with her and she went back to her quarters. She conceived and told David she was pregnant. So, David sent a messenger to Joab, and Joab brought him Uriah the Hittite. When David had talked to Uriah, he told Uriah to go to his home and wash his feet. But Uriah didn’t go. When told of this, David asked him, “Why did you not go home?”
“The ark and Israel and Judah are staying in temporary shelters, and my lord Joab and the servants of my lord are camping in the open field. Shall I then go to my house to eat and to drink and to lie with my wife? By your life and the life of your soul, I will not do this thing.” (2 Samuel 11:11)
Now after another night when Uriah did not go home to his wife, David had him sent to the front line in the fiercest battle and he died. When the wife of Uriah found out that he had died, she mourned and when her mourning was done, David brought her to him and she became his wife.
So Nathan the prophet came to David and told him a story about two men: a rich man and a poor one. The rich man had much livestock, but the poor man only had a little ewe lamb. When a traveler came to stay with the rich man, he did not want to take of his livestock and feed the traveler, so he prepared the ewe lamb that the poor man had.
David got very angry and demanded that the rich man be made to make restitution for the ewe lamb, but Nathan told David that the man was him! He continued,
“Thus says the Lord God of Israel, ‘It is I who anointed you king over Israel and it is I who delivered you from the hand of Saul. I also gave you your master’s house and your master’s wives into your care, and I gave you the house of Israel and Judah; and if that had been too little, I would have added to you many more things like these! Why have you despised the word of the Lord by doing evil in His sight? You have struck down Uriah the Hittite with the sword, have taken his wife to be your wife, and have killed him with the sword of the sons of Ammon. Now therefore, the sword shall never depart from your house, because you have despised Me and have taken the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be your wife.’”
“Thus says the Lord, ‘Behold, I will raise up evil against you from your own household; I will even take your wives before your eyes and give them to your companion, and he will lie with your wives in broad daylight. Indeed you did it secretly, but I will do this thing before all Israel, and under the sun.’”’
“Then David said to Nathan, “’I have sinned against the Lord.’” (2 Samuel 12: 7-13)
The child born to Bathsheba died. After she conceived and went through another pregnancy, Solomon was born to her.
My goal was to finish the history of King David. I am finding there to be a lot more to King David than I thought. He was a King who had many reasons to be grieved in his lifetime. and he sinned, obviously. I will finish the history of King David and give you my thoughts at the end of it.